UPSC Weekly Current Affairs Quiz | November 12 to November 18, 2023 – The Indian Express


UPSC Weekly Quiz is a current affairs-based quiz on relevant topics from the past week, curated for the aspirants of competitive examinations. Attempt the weekly quiz every Saturday and find answers to the MCQs with explanations at the end of the article.

1. TB is the world’s highest leading cause of death from a single infectious agent in 2022.

2. India’s TB mortality increased in the year 2022 as compared to year 2021.

3. There was an increase in reporting of TB cases in 2022.

4. India accounts for approximately one-fourth of the total TB cases in the world

How many of the statements given above are correct?

(a) Only one

(b) Only two

(c) Only three

(d) All four

QUESTION 2

Consider the following statements:

1. India is second largest trade partner of the European Union (EU).

2. India was facing a loss due to the EU’s restriction on Indian steel.

3. India imposed higher duties on ICT products to boost the manufacturing of electronic products with the help of the production-linked incentive (PLI) scheme.

How many of the statements given above are correct?

(a) Only one

(b) Only two

(c) All three

(d) None

QUESTION 3

With reference to the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), consider the following statements:

1. It is a regional economic forum that was established in 1989.

2. The grouping offers free trade, lowering trade tariffs, and economic liberalisation.

3. India is the founding member of the APEC.

4. China hosted APEC Leaders Meeting, 2023.

How many of the statements given above are correct?

(a) Only one

(b) Only two

(c) Only three

(d) All four

QUESTION 4

Midhili, Hamoon and Mocha were in the news recently. They are

(a) Recent Earthquake epicentres in Nepal

(b) Cyclones in Indian Ocean Region

(c) Mountain ranges in Atlantic Ocean

(d) Volcanic region in Hawaii Island

QUESTION 5

Consider the following benefits:

1. High field capacity and efficiency

2. Promotes judicious and safe use of fertilisers.

3. Water saving

4. Reduction in cost of spraying fertilisers

How many of the benefits given above can be achieved using drones in agriculture?

(a) Only one

(b) Only two

(c) Only three

(d) All four

QUESTION 6

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched a project for vulnerable tribal groups on the birth anniversary of tribal icon Birsa Munda. The PM Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan aims to

(a) Ensure last-mile welfare scheme delivery and protection for Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).

(b) Provide financial assistance to meritorious students for pursuing higher studies in foreign university in specified files of Master Level Courses, Ph.D and Post-Doctoral research programmes, in the field of Engineering, Technology and Science.

(c) Setting up Centre of Excellence for sports with all related infrastructure

(d) Strengthen livelihood opportunities for tribal artisans of North Eastern States of India through increased efficiency in procurement, logistics and marketing of tribal products.

QUESTION 7

The city of Honolulu was in the news due to blaze of fire causing burning of rainforest. Honolulu is located in:

(a) Brazil

(b) Peru

(c) Mexico

(d) United States

QUESTION 8

With reference to the report by the World Health Organization on measles, consider the following statements:

1. India achieved their crucial first dose of measles vaccine in 2022.

2. At the global level, immunisation against measles dropped to lowest levels since 2008.

3. The two doses of the measles vaccine offers 97% protection for life.

How many of the statements given above are correct?

(a) Only one

(b) Only two

(c) All three

(d) None

QUESTION 9

Consider the following reservoirs in southern India:

1. Srisailam

2. Krishnaraja Sagar

3. Tungabhadra

4. Idukki

What is the correct chronological order of these reservoirs from north to south?

(a) 3—1—4—2

(b) 1—2—3—4

(c) 1—3—2—4

(d) 3—1—2—4

QUESTION 10

Consider the following pairs:

(Place)                          (Location)

1. Rikhawdar             Bangladesh

2. Zowkhathar          Bhutan

3. Mindanao              Malaysia

How many of the pairs given above are correctly matched?

(a) Only one

(b) Only two

(c) All three

(d) None

ANSWERS TO THE MCQs

1. (b)

FYI:

— India accounts for 27 per cent of the total TB cases in the world, according to the recently released Global TB Report 2023 by the World Health Organisation. Hence, statement 4 is correct.

— The report noted two positive trends for India:

(i) There was an increase in reporting of TB cases, crossing even the pre-pandemic high with 24.2 lakh cases in 2022. Hence, statement 3 is correct.

(ii) India’s TB mortality dropped from 4.94 lakhs in 2021 to 3.31 lakhs in 2022. This resulted in a reduction in India’s contribution towards global mortality from 36 per cent in the previous years to 26 per cent in 2022. Hence, statement 2 is not correct.

— TB remained the world’s second leading cause of death from a single infectious agent in 2022. Hence, statement 1 is not correct.

— India, Indonesia, and the Philippines, which accounted for a large share (60%) of global reductions in the number of people newly diagnosed with tuberculosis in 2020 and 2021, all recovered to levels higher than in 2019.

Therefore, option (b) is the correct answer.

2. (c)

FYI:

— India is close to resolving its most contentious trade dispute, involving information communications technology (ICT) products, with its second largest trade partner, the European Union (EU), a senior government official said. Hence, statement 1 is correct.

— In 2019, Brussels took New Delhi to the World Trade Organization’s dispute settlement mechanism to challenge its imposition of import duties on a wide range of ICT products, including mobile phones and components, base stations, integrated circuits, and optical instruments, claiming that the duty was inconsistent with global trade norms and was harming €600 million in tech exports to India.

— The impending resolution of the dispute comes after India informed the EU that it was facing similar losses as a result of the EU’s restrictions on Indian steel after the latter set specific quotas for steel imports above which the items attract additional import duties of 25 per cent. Hence, statement 2 is correct.

— India imposed higher duties on ICT products as it looks to boost the manufacturing of electronic products with the help of the production-linked incentive (PLI) scheme. Hence, statement 3 is correct.

Therefore, option (c) is the correct answer.

3. (b)

FYI:

— The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) grouping is holding its Leaders’ Week in San Francisco, California, which began on November 11 and will conclude with the Economic Leaders’ Retreat on Friday (November 17). Hence, statement 4 is not correct.

— APEC is a regional economic forum that was established in 1989. Its stated aim was to “leverage the growing interdependence of the Asia-Pacific and create greater prosperity for the people of the region through regional economic integration”. Hence, statement 1 is correct.

— The 21 members of APEC are termed “economies” (rather than countries or member states) because trade and economic issues are the focus of the grouping.

— The APEC economies are Australia, Brunei, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Hong Kong (as part of China), the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Singapore, Thailand, Chinese Taipei (Taiwan), China, Japan, South Korea, Russia, Canada, the United States, Mexico, Peru, and Chile – as located geographically around the Pacific Ocean.

— The grouping offers free trade, lowering trade tariffs, and economic liberalisation. Hence, statement 2 is correct.

— India is not a member. Hence, statement 3 is not correct.

— India has expressed interest in joining APEC and made a formal request in 1991, the year in which the Union government implemented economic liberalisation and globalisation reforms. In 2016, then-Union Minister of Commerce and Industry Nirmala Sitharaman told Parliament that India’s request to join was based on the country’s geographical location, potential economic size, and level of trade interaction with the Asia-Pacific region.

Therefore, option (b) is the correct answer.

(Other Source: iris.who.int)

4. (b)

FYI:

— Cyclone Midhili, which crossed the Bangladesh coast weakened from a ‘deep depression’ into a ‘depression’, as per the India Meteorological Department (IMD).

— “Deep Depression (remnant of Cyclonic Storm “Midhili”) over Tripura & adjoining Bangladesh weakened into a Depression and about 50 km east-southeast of Agartala and 160 km southwest of Silchar.

— Mizoram, Tripura and Assam witnessed rainfall of varied intensity through Friday. Meanwhile, the first day of the three-day Meghalaya’s Cherry Blossom Festival was cancelled due to bad weather conditions.

— The cyclonic storm was also expected to bring heavy rainfall in the coastal districts of West Bengal and some parts of Odisha but no major impact was felt in these areas, according to the IMD.

— Cyclone Midhili is the second cyclonic formation to hit the Bangladesh coast in quick succession after cyclone Hamoon.

— The name ‘Midhili’ was given by the Maldives. Countries affected by the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal cyclones rotationally give names of cyclones in a sequence.

Therefore, option (b) is the correct answer.

5. (d)

FYI:

— The National Fertilizers Limited (NFL) is carrying out demonstrations in several states as part of the government’s Viksit Bharat Sankalp Yatra (VBSY) campaign.

— The NFL is showcasing the application of liquid fertilisers to the farmers using these drones. The technology not only saves labour, but also promotes judicious and safe use of fertilisers.

— Farmers benefit from the use of drones in agriculture because they have distinct advantages such as increased field capacity and efficiency, reduced turnaround time and other field operational delays, reduced pesticide and fertiliser waste due to high degree of atomization, water savings due to ultra-low volume spraying technology in comparison to traditional spraying methods, and lower spraying and fertiliser application costs in comparison to traditional methods.

Therefore, option (d) is the correct answer.

6. (a)

FYI:

— On the birth anniversary of tribal icon Birsa Munda of Jharkhand’s Khunti district, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched a Rs 24,000-crore project for vulnerable tribal groups.

— The PM Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan is intended to ensure last-mile delivery of welfare schemes and protection for Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).

— At a gathering in Khunti, Modi also launched the Visksit Bharat Sankalp Yatra, a nationwide programme to reach out to all villages and include those eligible for various central schemes.

Therefore, option (a) is the correct answer.

7. (d)

FYI:

— A wildfire burning in a remote Hawaii rainforest is underscoring a new reality for the normally lush island state just a few months after a devastating blaze on a neighboring island leveled an entire town and killed at least 99 people.

— The cause of the blaze roughly 20 miles (32 kilometers) north of Honolulu. The flames left gaping, dark bald spots amid a blanket of thick green where the fire did not burn.

— The burn area may seem relatively small compared to wildfires on the U.S. continent, which can raze hundreds of square miles.

— One major concern is what plants will grow in place of the native forest. Hawaii’s native plants evolved without being subjected to frequent fires, and fire is not a part of their natural life cycle.

Therefore, option (d) is the correct answer.

8. (b)

FYI:

— An estimated 11 lakh children in India missed their crucial first dose of measles vaccine in 2022, according to a report by the World Health Organization and US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Hence, statement 1 is not correct.

— India is among 10 countries with the highest number of children who did not receive the first shot.

— India is also among the 37 countries that witnessed large or disruptive outbreaks, reporting 40,967 measles cases in 2022, according to the report.

— Globally, immunisation against measles dropped to lowest levels since 2008 during the pandemic, leading to an 18% rise in cases and 43% increase in deaths in 2022, said the report that presented the first estimates of gaps after the pandemic. Hence, statement 2 is correct.

— Two doses of the measles vaccine provide 97% lifetime protection. A single dose is likely to provide less protection. While measles typically causes a high fever, cough, runny nose, and red rashes, complications such as brain swelling, pneumonia, breathing difficulties, and severe diarrhoea can all result in death. Hence, statement 3 is correct.

Therefore, option (b) is the correct answer.

9. (c)

FYI:

— According to a recent report from the Central Water Commission (CWC), water levels in these states’ reservoirs are low compared to last year and compared to other regions of the country in 2023.

— The CWC monitors 42 reservoirs located in the southern states: Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Their collective storage capacity is 53.334 Billion Cubic Metre (BCM).

— There has been a sharp drop, observed over the past two months, in the already low water reserves.

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State Reservoir stocks (% of total storage capacity)
Andhra Pradesh -51
Karnataka -38
Kerala -16
Telangana +33

Latest reservoir stocks. (Source: CWC)

— The correct location of these reservoirs from north to south is Srisailam, Tungabhadra, Krishnaraja Sagar and Idukki.

Therefore, option (c) is the correct answer.

10. (d)

FYI:

Therefore, option (d) is the correct answer.



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