U.S. stocks drifted in quiet trading Monday, as Wall Street made few big moves overall in advance of the Federal Reserve’s next meeting on interest rates.
The Standard & Poor’s 500 edged up by 3.21 points, or 0.1%, to 4,453.53, coming off its second straight losing week. The Dow Jones industrial average rose 6.06 points, or less than 0.1%, to 34,624,30, and the Nasdaq composite added 1.90 points, or less than 0.1%, to 13,710.24.
Stocks have been seesawing since early August on uncertainty about whether the Federal Reserve is finally finished with its drastic hikes to interest rates. Higher rates have helped cool inflation from its peak last summer, but they also hurt prices for stocks and other investments while slowing the economy.
Traders almost universally expect the Fed to keep rates steady at its meeting this week, which ends Wednesday. More attention will be on the forecasts that Fed officials will publish about where they expect interest rates, the economy and the job market to head in coming years.
One of the first things the market will fixate on is how high officials at the Fed see its main interest rate rising this year. Traders are betting on a roughly 40% chance that the Fed will raise rates again in either November or December, according to data from CME Group.
But just as much attention will be on what Fed officials say about next year, when investors expect the Fed to begin cutting interest rates. Investors crave such cuts, which typically loosen up financial conditions and give boosts to financial markets. The big question is by how much the Fed could cut.
Economists at Goldman Sachs expect Fed officials to indicate a full percentage point of cuts next year, after raising rates one more time this year to a range of 5.50% to 5.75%.
Fears are strong that rates may have to stay higher for longer in order to get inflation fully down to the Fed’s 2% target. Although underlying trends on inflation continue to mostly improve, a recent upswell in oil prices has complicated things.
A barrel of U.S. crude rose 71 cents to $91.48 on Monday. That’s up from less than $70 in July. Brent crude, the international standard, rose 0.5% to $94.43 per barrel.
Higher prices for gasoline and other fuel were a big reason that inflation consumers are feeling accelerated last month to 3.7% from 3.2%.
The rise in fuel prices, along with worries about rates staying higher for longer, has helped push up Treasury yields across the bond market.
The 10-year Treasury yield edged down to 4.31% from 4.33% late Friday. It’s been mostly climbing since sitting around 3.40% in May.
The two-year Treasury yield, which more closely follows expectations for the Fed, held steady at 5.04%.
Worries about a possible recession also continue to hang around, even though they’ve diminished with successive reports showing the economy and job market continue to hum.
One worrying factor is where bond yields are, with two-year and other shorter-term yields continuing to remain higher than longer-term yields. That’s an unusual occurrence that has often preceded recessions in the past.
Another warning signal comes from the leading economic indicators index, which looks at new orders for manufacturers, consumer expectations for business conditions and other factors that could show where the economy is heading.
When its six-month annualized rate-of-change contracts 3% or more, it’s always been associated with a recession, said Doug Ramsey, chief investment officer of the Leuthold Group.
It’s been 15 months since the most recent such warning of a recession was triggered in June 2022. In the past, the longest stretch between such a trigger and a recession was the 16 months before the Great Recession. If this matches that one, it could imply a recession beginning in October, Ramsey said.
On Wall Street, Clorox dropped 2.4% after it said a cybersecurity attack caused widespread disruptions to its business. It’s still measuring the damage, but it said it expects it to be material on upcoming results. Clorox also said it believes the unauthorized activity has been contained.
Ford and General Motors fell as a limited strike by the United Auto Workers carried into another day. Ford dropped 2.1%, and General Motors slipped 1.8%.
Stocks of energy producers, meanwhile, helped to lead the market because of the rise in oil. Exxon Mobil gained 0.8%, and Marathon Petroleum rose 1.6%.
In stock markets abroad, the Hang Seng index in Hong Kong fell 1.4% after reports over the weekend that police had detained staff at the wealth management business of troubled real estate developer China Evergrande.
Indexes fell across much of the rest of Asia, as well as in Europe.
AP writers Matt Ott and Elaine Kurtenbach contributed to this report.